WhatWeb:下一代网站指纹技术栈识别扫描器,拥有超过1800个扩展插件

技术百科 admin 发布时间:2024-06-14 浏览:11 次

WhatWeb介绍

WhatWeb可识别Web技术,包括指纹识别、内容管理系统(CMS)、博客平台、统计/分析包、JavaScript库、Web服务器和嵌入式设备。WhatWeb有超过1800个插件,每个插件都能识别不同的东西。WhatWeb还标识版本号,电子邮件地址,帐户ID,Web框架模块,SQL错误等。

WhatWeb支持攻击级别的设置来控制速度和稳定性。默认的攻击级别称为“隐身”,速度最快,只需要一个HTTP请求。适用于扫描公共网站。WhatWeb还开发了更高效的模式用于渗透测试。

WhatWeb截图

WhatWeb特点

超过1800个插件

控制速度/隐身和可靠性之间的权衡

性能调整。控制同时扫描多少个网站。

多种日志格式:简短,详细,XML,JSON,MagicTree,RubyObject,MongoDB,ElasticSearch,SQL。

代理支持包括TOR

自定义HTTP标头

基本HTTP身份验证

控制网页重定向

IP地址范围

模糊匹配

结果确定性意识

在命令行上定义的自定义插件

IDN(国际域名)支持

WhatWeb安装

WhatWeb是跨平台兼容的,适用于任何Ruby 2.x环境,包括Windows,Mac OSX和Linux。

参考:https://github.com/urbanadventurer/WhatWeb/wiki/Installation

WhatWeb示例用法

使用WhatWeb扫描reddit.com。

$ ./whatweb reddit.comhttp://reddit.com [301 Moved Permanently] Country[UNITED STATES][US], HTTPServer[snooserv], IP[151.101.65.140], RedirectLocation[https://www.reddit.com/], UncommonHeaders[retry-after,x-served-by,x-cache-hits,x-timer], Via-Proxy[1.1 varnish]https://www.reddit.com/ [200 OK] Cookies[edgebucket,eu_cookie_v2,loid,rabt,rseor3,session_tracker,token], Country[UNITED STATES][US], Email[[email protected],[email protected]], Frame, HTML5, HTTPServer[snooserv], HttpOnly[token], IP[151.101.37.140], Open-Graph-Protocol[website], Script[text/javascript], Strict-Transport-Security[max-age=15552000; includeSubDomains; preload], Title[reddit: the front page of the internet], UncommonHeaders[fastly-restarts,x-served-by,x-cache-hits,x-timer], Via-Proxy[1.1 varnish], X-Frame-Options[SAMEORIGIN]

参数

Usage: whatweb [options] <URLs>TARGET SELECTION: <TARGETs> Enter URLs, hostnames, IP addresses, filenames or IP ranges in CIDR, x.x.x-x, or x.x.x.x-x.x.x.x format. --input-file=FILE, -i Read targets from a file. You can pipe hostnames or URLs directly with -i /dev/stdin.TARGET MODIFICATION: --url-prefix Add a prefix to target URLs. --url-suffix Add a suffix to target URLs. --url-pattern Insert the targets into a URL. Requires --input-file, eg. www.example.com/%insert%/robots.txt AGGRESSION: The aggression level controls the trade-off between speed/stealth and reliability. --aggression, -a=LEVEL Set the aggression level. Default: 1. Aggression levels are: 1. Stealthy Makes one HTTP request per target. Also follows redirects. 3. Aggressive If a level 1 plugin is matched, additional requests will be made. 4. Heavy Makes a lot of HTTP requests per target. Aggressive tests from all plugins are used for all URLs.HTTP OPTIONS: --user-agent, -U=AGENT Identify as AGENT instead of WhatWeb/0.5.0. --header, -H Add an HTTP header. eg "Foo:Bar". Specifying a default header will replace it. Specifying an empty value, eg. "User-Agent:" will remove the header. --follow-redirect=WHEN Control when to follow redirects. WHEN may be `never, `http-only, `meta-only, `same-site, or `always. Default: always. --max-redirects=NUM Maximum number of contiguous redirects. Default: 10.AUTHENTICATION: --user, -u=<user:password> HTTP basic authentication. --cookie, -c=COOKIES Provide cookies, e.g. name=value; name2=value2. --cookiejar=FILE Read cookies from a file.PROXY: --proxy <hostname[:port]> Set proxy hostname and port. Default: 8080. --proxy-user <username:password> Set proxy user and password.PLUGINS: --list-plugins, -l List all plugins. --info-plugins, -I=[SEARCH] List all plugins with detailed information. Optionally search with keywords in a comma delimited list. --search-plugins=STRING Search plugins for a keyword. --plugins, -p=LIST Select plugins. LIST is a comma delimited set of selected plugins. Default is all. Each element can be a directory, file or plugin name and can optionally have a modifier, eg. + or - Examples: +/tmp/moo.rb,+/tmp/foo.rb title,md5,+./plugins-disabled/ ./plugins-disabled,-md5 -p + is a shortcut for -p +plugins-disabled. --grep, -g=STRING|REGEXP Search for STRING or a Regular Expression. Shows only the results that match. Examples: --grep "hello" --grep "/he[l]*o/" --custom-plugin=DEFINITION\tDefine a custom plugin named Custom-Plugin, --custom-plugin=DEFINITION Define a custom plugin named Custom-Plugin, Examples: ":text=>powered by abc" ":version=>/powered[ ]?by ab[0-9]/" ":ghdb=>intitle:abc \"powered by abc\"" ":md5=>8666257030b94d3bdb46e05945f60b42" --dorks=PLUGIN List Google dorks for the selected plugin.OUTPUT: --verbose, -v Verbose output includes plugin descriptions. Use twice for debugging. --colour,--color=WHEN control whether colour is used. WHEN may be `never, `always, or `auto. --quiet, -q Do not display brief logging to STDOUT. --no-errors Suppress error messages.LOGGING: --log-brief=FILE Log brief, one-line output. --log-verbose=FILE Log verbose output. --log-errors=FILE Log errors. --log-xml=FILE Log XML format. --log-json=FILE Log JSON format. --log-sql=FILE Log SQL INSERT statements. --log-sql-create=FILE Create SQL database tables. --log-json-verbose=FILE Log JSON Verbose format. --log-magictree=FILE Log MagicTree XML format. --log-object=FILE Log Ruby object inspection format. --log-mongo-database Name of the MongoDB database. --log-mongo-collection Name of the MongoDB collection. Default: whatweb. --log-mongo-host MongoDB hostname or IP address. Default: 0.0.0.0. --log-mongo-username MongoDB username. Default: nil. --log-mongo-password MongoDB password. Default: nil. --log-elastic-index Name of the index to store results. Default: whatweb --log-elastic-host Host:port of the elastic http interface. Default: 127.0.0.1:9200PERFORMANCE & STABILITY: --max-threads, -t Number of simultaneous threads. Default: 25. --open-timeout Time in seconds. Default: 15. --read-timeout Time in seconds. Default: 30. --wait=SECONDS Wait SECONDS between connections. This is useful when using a single thread.HELP & MISCELLANEOUS: --short-help Short usage help. --help, -h Complete usage help. --debug Raise errors in plugins. --version Display version information. (WhatWeb 0.5.0).EXAMPLE USAGE:* Scan example.com. ./whatweb example.com* Scan reddit.com slashdot.org with verbose plugin descriptions. ./whatweb -v reddit.com slashdot.org* An aggressive scan of wired.com detects the exact version of WordPress. ./whatweb -a 3 www.wired.com* Scan the local network quickly and suppress errors. whatweb --no-errors 192.168.0.0/24* Scan the local network for https websites. whatweb --no-errors --url-prefix https:// 192.168.0.0/24* Scan for crossdomain policies in the Alexa Top 1000. ./whatweb -i plugin-development/alexa-top-100.txt \ --url-suffix /crossdomain.xml -p crossdomain_xml

记录和输出

支持以下类型的日志记录:

--log-brief = FILE Brief,one-line,greppable format

--log-verbose = FILE详细

--log-xml = FILE XML格式。提供了XSL样式表

--log-json = FILE JSON格式

--log-json-verbose = FILE JSON详细格式

--log-magictree = FILE MagicTree XML格式

--log-object = FILE Ruby对象检查格式

--log-mongo-database MongoDB数据库的名称

--log-mongo-collection MongoDB集合的名称。默认值:whatweb

--log-mongo-host MongoDB主机名或IP地址。默认值:0.0.0.0

--log-mongo-username MongoDB用户名。默认值:nil

--log-mongo-password MongoDB密码。默认值:nil

--log-elastic-index用于存储结果的索引的名称。默认值:whatweb

--log-elastic-host Host:弹性http接口的端口。默认值:127.0.0.1:9200

--log-errors = FILE记录错误。这通常以红色打印到屏幕上。

您可以通过指定多个命令行日志记录选项同时输出到多个日志。想要SQL输出的高级用户应阅读源代码以查看不支持的功能。

WhatWeb插件

比赛用:

文本字符串(区分大小写)

常用表达

Google Hack数据库查询(有限的关键字集)

MD5哈希

URL识别

HTML标记模式

用于被动和激进操作的自定义ruby代码

列出支持的插件:

$ ./whatweb -l

搜索插件

$ ./whatweb -I phpBBWhatWeb Detailed Plugin ListSearching for phpBB================================================================================Plugin: phpBB--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Description: phpBB is a free forum Website: http://phpbb.org/Author: Andrew HortonVersion: 0.3Features: [Yes] Pattern Matching (7) [Yes] Version detection from pattern matching [Yes] Function for passive matches [Yes] Function for aggressive matches [Yes] Google Dorks (1)Google Dorks:[1] "Powered by phpBB"================================================================================

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